Articles and Essays

“Divine Titles for Julio-Claudian Imperials in Corinth: Neglected Factors in Reconstructions of Corinthian Imperial Worship and its Connections to the Corinthian Church,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly, forthcoming

Abstract: Several scholars conclude that the inhabitants of Corinth considered Julio-Claudian family members as lords. Some propose that they were regarded as lords and gods. Therefore, 1 Cor 8:5 is a Pauline polemic against emperor worship. The evidence for both proposals is Paul’s use of κύριος and θεός in 1 Cor 8:5, titles that Greek cities bestowed on Julio-Claudians. These conclusions are problematic because they ignore the diversity of imperial worship and key evidence from Corinth. Data for Corinthian emperor veneration indicate that its imperial cults focused on deceased and officially deified emperors, divi, and the genius of the reigning emperor. This means that while colonists regarded divi as divine they were neither lords nor gods. Consequently, 1 Cor 8:5 is not a Pauline polemic coined to oppose imperial worship.

“Going Through Hell: Tartarus in Graeco-Roman Culture, Second Temple Judaism, and Philo of Alexandria” Journal of Ancient Judaism 4 (2013): 352-78 (Burnett Going Through Hell)

Abstract: This is article questions the longstanding supposition that the eschatology   of the Second Temple period was solely influenced by Persian or Iranian eschatology, arguing instead that the literature of this period reflects awareness of several key Greco-Roman mythological concepts. In particular, the concepts of Tartarus and the Greek myths of Titans and Giants underlie much of the treatment of eschatology in the Jewish literature of the period. A thorough treatment of Tartarus and related concepts in literary and non-literary sources from ancient Greek and Greco-Roman culture provides a backdrop for a discussion of these themes in the Second Temple period and especially in the writings of Philo of Alexandria.

“The Eschatological Prophet of Restoration: Luke’s Theological Portrait of John the Baptist in Luke 3:1-6” Neotestamentica 47:1 (2013): 1-24 (Burnett Eschatological Prophet of Restoration)

Abstract: While numerous articles and commentaries on Luke 3:1– 6 draw readers’ attention to Luke’s prophetic portrait of John, these treatments of Luke’s prophetic presentation of John are often cursory in nature and do not consider the subtle prophetic allusions, motifs, and echoes that Luke employs throughout these six verses. The purpose of this article is to explore the tapestry of Luke’s prophetic portrait of John as the eschatological Elijah- like prophet.


Greco-Roman Associations: Texts, Translations and Commentary II. North Coast of the Black Sea, Asia Minor, by Philip Harland. Boston: de Gruyter, 2014. Review of Biblical Literature, forthcoming